1. D.S.S.M (Door, seat, steering, seat belt and mirror)

Also known as ‘the cockpit check’, you should carry out this routine before setting off anywhere. Its purpose is to make sure you are in a safe and secure driving position and able to control the car with proper visibility for your upcoming journey.

2. S.C.A.L.P (Safe, convenient and legal position)

This is the one that catches most people out on their driving test. The routine is designed to make sure you park the car safely, legally and with good control. You need to become proficient at this routine in order to pass your test. So don’t be surprised if your instructor makes you practise it many times.

3. M.S.P.S.L (Mirror, signal, position, speed and look)

This is an updated version of the famous mirror, signal, manoeuvre that your dad learned when he passed his test. The M.S.P.S.L routine should be used on approach to any type of junction, including roundabouts, crossroads and T sections.

4. P.O.M (Prepare, observe and move)

Another important routine to master, the P.O.M routine should be used when moving the car off from a stationary position. Your examiner will be watching to ensure that you check to make sure it is safe to move the vehicle before progressing and that you control the car properly during the process.

5. L.A.D.A (Look, assess, decide and act)

This is similar to M.S.P.S.L; it ensures the learner properly assesses the road ahead on approach to traffic systems, such as road junctions, pelican crossings and roundabouts. It can be difficult to master at first, but with a little practice, it will become second nature to you.