Once you have perfected your basic control skills you will be ready to learn the procedures necessary to navigate safely round the various road systems. For example, left hand and right-hand junctions and emerging from a side road,

Each time you are presented with a potential or actual hazard on the road (i.e. anything that may require you to change speed, position or direction) you will go through the hazard drill one or more times. While each step of the drill needs to be considered in the order shown it need not necessarily be acted upon.

Hazards & Distractions

Mirrors – Use your interior mirror and side mirror(s) early. If appropriate take a sideways glance into your right or left blind spots. Repeat as necessary at any stage in the drill.

Signalling – Give signals in good time. Use signals to help or warn other road users. Be careful not to give misleading signals.

Position – Determine the best position or course to negotiate the hazard. Think before you change position; be careful not to mislead others.

Speed & Gear – Adjust your speed and select the most appropriate gear so that you can negotiate the hazard ahead and stop within the distance you can see to be clear.

Look – Before making your final decision to proceed look where you are going to make sure it is still safe to negotiate the hazard. Remember to look along the path you propose to travel and watch for any potential dangers at every step in the drill.

Key points to remember are: – When turning left or right you must give way to any pedestrians who are already crossing the junction. Stop before you start to turn. It can be very intimidating to a pedestrian when a car is turning toward them!

When turning left you have priority over oncoming traffic turning right into the side road. However, when you are turning right oncoming traffic has priority over you so you must wait for a gap in the traffic. Wait just before the point at which you would turn. Try to time your approach to coincide with any oncoming gaps that are of a suitable size to allow you to cross.

If you do have to stop, stop just before the point where you would start to turn and select first gear and be ready to move. Apply your handbrake if you have anything more than a pause. Look ahead for a gap and get ready to move as it approaches; check your mirrors and then turn if it is safe to do so.

When turning left make sure you check the left-hand door mirror again just before turning. When turning right check the right-hand door mirror.